What is a Grantor Retained Annuity Trust (GRAT)?

Overview

A GRAT is an estate freeze technique used in estate planning to minimize taxes on large financial gifts to family members. Under this technique, an irrevocable trust is created to which the grantor transfers income-producing or appreciating property in return for the right to receive a distribution of a fixed annuity amount from the trust (at least annually) for a specified term of years. GRATs have a few benefits, including the reduction of estate tax liability at death. 

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